Get to Know These 9 Mountain Dog Breeds

by Hannah Roundy

Dog on mountain

Let's dive deeper into the resilient and regal mountain dog breeds.

Newfoundlands, Bernese Mountain Dogs, and other types of mountain dogs were originally bred to work in the rugged terrain of their homeland. Today, you’re more likely to find these sweet mountain dog breeds snuggling up to their humans indoors rather than working on highland farms. 

Bernese Mountain Dog

Weight: 70-115 pounds
Height: 23-27.5 inches
Lifespan: 7-10 years
Coat Type: High shedding, medium length, double coat
Personality Traits: Well-tempered, relaxed, devoted

Perhaps the most iconic of all large mountain dog breeds are the effortlessly beautiful Bernese Mountain Dogs. These tri-colored pups have silky black fur on their backs, white hair down their nose and chests, and brown markings on their eyes and legs. 

With their warm double coats, the breed originated as herding and farm dogs in the frosty Swiss Alps. Berners are in the working group for a reason – they are incredibly strong and highly trainable. In the 1800s, you could find these pups working as drafting and sledding dogs. 

Bernese Mountain Dogs are just as sweet-natured as they are beautiful. They are very affectionate with humans, playful with children, and well-tempered with other dogs. Even the 19th century Swiss Alps dog parents treasured a snuggle with their Berner at the end of a long day. 

Saint Bernard

Weight: 120-180 pounds
Height: 26-30 inches
Lifespan: 8-10 years
Coat Type: Medium shedding, short, smooth double coat
Personality Traits: Gentle, curious, strong

If you’re looking for big mountain dog breeds, look no further. Saint Bernards can weigh upwards of 180 pounds in adulthood! Their large stature may be intimidating, but Saint Bernards are total teddy bears. They are very loyal to their humans and are especially loving of young children. 

Saint Bernards hail from the Swiss Alps along with Bernese Mountain Dogs. Although these types of mountain dogs are exceedingly strong, their wrinkly face and drooping jowls are downright adorable. 

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog